There is no safe limit for smoking, the only way to protect yourself and your unborn baby from harm is to quit. Men and women who smoke take longer to get pregnant than non-smokers. Second-hand smoke is almost as damaging as smoking and women who are exposed to second-hand smoke take longer to conceive than women who are not. The chemicals in cigarettes can cause damage to eggs and sperm which affects a future child's health. Because smoking affects every stage of the reproduction process — in both men and women.
How smoking affects female and male fertility
Smoking and Infertility
If you smoke, it is likely to take you longer to get pregnant than a non-smoker. Most couples who have regular, unprotected sex every days will get pregnant within a year. But for smokers, the chance of getting pregnant are cut by almost half each month. Quitting smoking improves the lining of the womb. If you give up smoking now, your chances of getting pregnant faster will increase. If you have not become pregnant after 12 months of trying, this is described as infertility.
What Impact Does Male Smoking Have on Sperm and Fertility?
Most people understand that smoking increases the risk for heart, vascular, and lung disease. Many do not realize that smoking can also lead to problems with fertility in both men and women. Erectile dysfunction and pregnancy complication rates are also increased with smoking. Chemicals such as nicotine, cyanide, and carbon monoxide in cigarette smoke speed up the loss rate of eggs.
Can smoking hurt your sperm? It can also negatively affect your fertility. You already know that smoking is bad for your health , and you have likely guessed that smoking is bad for female fertility.