The Gaza Strip is unusual in being a densely settled area not recognized as a de jure part of any extant country. The Gaza Strip is situated on a relatively flat coastal plain. The area receives an average of about 12 inches mm of precipitation annually. Agriculture is the economic mainstay of the employed population, and nearly three-fourths of the land area is under cultivation.
Palestinian territories profile
Gaza Strip | Definition, History, Facts, & Map | fairfieldstatehospital.com
The West Bank also contains a significant section of the western Dead Sea shore. The Oslo Accords , signed between the Palestine Liberation Organization and Israel, created administrative districts with varying levels of Palestinian autonomy within each area. The name West Bank is a translation of the Arabic term ad-Diffah I-Garbiyyah , given to the territory west of the Jordan River that fell, in , under occupation and administration by Jordan , which subsequently annexed it in This annexation was considered illegal and was recognized only by Britain, Iraq and Pakistan. The neo- Latin name Cisjordan or Cis-Jordan literally "on this side of the River Jordan" is the usual name for the territory in the Romance languages and Hungarian.
Despite a long-term peace process and the general reconciliation of Israel with Egypt and Jordan, Israelis and Palestinians have failed to reach a final peace agreement. The key issues are: mutual recognition, borders, security, water rights, control of Jerusalem , Israeli settlements ,  Palestinian freedom of movement ,  and Palestinian right of return. The violence of the conflict, in a region rich in sites of historic, cultural and religious interest worldwide, has been the object of numerous international conferences dealing with historic rights, security issues and human rights, and has been a factor hampering tourism in and general access to areas that are hotly contested. Many attempts have been made to broker a two-state solution , involving the creation of an independent Palestinian state alongside the State of Israel after Israel's establishment in In , the majority of both Israelis and Palestinians, according to a number of polls, preferred the two-state solution over any other solution as a means of resolving the conflict.
The territory, excluding East Jerusalem, is also known within Israel by its biblical names, Judaea and Samaria. The approximately 2,square-mile 5,square-km area is the centre of contending Arab and Israeli aspirations in Palestine. Within its present boundaries, it represents the portion of the former mandate retained in by the Arab forces that entered Palestine after the departure of the British.